Posts Tagged ‘portal hypertension’

What is (are) Varices?

What are Esophageal Varices? From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia In medicine (gastroenterology ), esophageal varices (or oesophageal varices) are extremely dilated sub-mucosal veins in the lower third [1] of the esophagus . They are most often a consequence of portal hypertension , commonly due to cirrhosis ; patients with esophageal varices have a strong tendency…

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What is Portal Hypertension?

What is Portal Hypertension? Portal hypertension is an increase in the pressure within the portal vein (the vein that carries blood from the digestive organs to the liver). The increase in pressure is caused by a blockage in the blood flow through the liver. Increased pressure in the portal vein causes large veins (varices) to…

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What Are the Treatments for Portal Hypertension?

What Are the Treatments for Portal Hypertension? The portal vein carries blood from the gastrointestinal tract to the liver. If this vein becomes blocked by cirrhosis which is a scarring of the liver or by a blood clot the pressure inside the vein increases. This increase in pressure is called portal hypertension. When blood flow…

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UK guidelines on the management of variceal haemorrhage in cirrhotic patients

Management of Variceal Haemorrhage 1.0 Introduction These guidelines on the management of variceal haemorrhage were commissioned by the British Society of Gastroenterology under the auspices of the Liver Section. They were written in June 1998 and have been corrected and agreed upon by the members of the Liver Section. The nature of variceal haemorrhage in…

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Esophageal Varices

Esophageal Varices The portal vein carries approximately 1500 mL/min of blood from the small and large bowel, the spleen, and the stomach to the liver. Obstruction of portal venous flow, whatever the etiology, results in a rise in portal venous pressure. The response to increased venous pressure is the development of a collateral circulation diverting…

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